The history of Trani


The town of Trani is rich in history, different cultures and artistic and natural beauty.

Trani is to be known and lived in every season; from the purity of its white stone churches to the smell of the saltwater sunset. Every part of it will leave you breathless.

A town to enjoy from dawn to dusk and beyond.

The vitality of its people, its pure colors and its perfumes will make you fall in love with this area.


Our beautiful town tell us its thousand-year history through significant and important testimonies, but also through its equally charming less well-known spots.

It is said in myth to have been founded by Tirreno, son of Diomede, survivor of the Trojan War; from whom the ancient name Turenum probably derives.

The oldest documentary evidence, dates back to the IV Century B.C., recalls its role of an easy landing place, the Traina (the inlet) at the time of the Roman Empire, and a place of passage along Via Traiana.

The building of the amazing Cathedral goes back to 1099, the year in which Saint Nicholas the Pilgrim was sanctified, having died in our town while heading towards Rome.

The Roman Cathedral boasts in its architecture the hypogeous of Saint Leucio, that was founded during the Longbard Era, when the town inherited the important role of Episcopal Palace, after the destruction of Canosa.

During the Middle Ages the port activities flourished, and Trani became one of the most important marine towns, testified by the ancient Mediterranean Navigation Document, the “ORDINAMENTA MARIS” dated 1063, and also testified by the presence of a large and lively Jewish Community, living in the Giudecca.

In the Jewish quarter close to the port, commercial and financial activities were carried out, as the toponymy of Via Cambio and the presence of four Synagogues, two of which can still be visited nowadays, remind us.

Since 2004 in-fact, there’s a new Jewish Community in Trani, who manage the Synagogue in Scola Nova; the Jewish Museum has been located in the Chief Synagogue, and then transformed into the beautiful church of St. Anne.

Frederick II built one of his many castles in 1233, just in front of the Cathedral, where his son Manfred and then Charles I of Anjou got married.

Through the centuries the town has lost its commercial relevance, but has become an important administrative and judicial centre thanks to the King Philip II of Spain, who made Trani center of the Sacra Regia Udienza.

Capital of the territory of Bari, role kept until the Napoleonic Age, and then home of the Apulian Court of Appeal.

Today Trani is seat of the same-name province, together with Andria and Barletta.

The beauty of its famous Cathedral and its noble residences, the tranquility and all the facilities around Trani, make it the ideal place to visit and to enjoy.


prof. A.D.Cantarella



via Calatafimi,94 TRANI (Bt) Italy mobile 349.3455983 e-mail: